What are Gingivitis and Periodontitis?
Periodontal disease refers to problems around the tissues that support the teeth, including the bone, the ligament holding the tooth in place, or the gums that cover the bone and teeth. There are two main categories of periodontal disease; gingivitis and periodontitis. Both conditions are usually plaque-induced; a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth causes them.
Dr. Beck says, “If plaque isn’t removed by daily brushing, flossing, and regular dental cleanings, this can cause inflammation and infection of the periodontal tissues.” Gingivitis, defined as inflammation of the gum tissue, is a mild form of periodontal disease. It is diagnosed when the gums bleed during brushing and flossing and when the gums develop a red, puffy, or swollen appearance.
Proper Treatment is Critical
The good news is that gingivitis is usually reversible with professional cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist and good oral care at home. If this disease process is not reversed, the infection may progress to periodontitis, which can cause the normal healthy gum pocket around the tooth to deepen, allowing bacteria and bacterial byproducts to accumulate, making it even more difficult to keep the teeth and gums clean.
Please come see Dr. Beck and his wonderful staff at Mt. Tabor Dental for a full evaluation of your teeth and gums. They will be able to answer any questions you may have on periodontal disease and other oral health conditions.